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Secure Waste, Inc

Secure Waste, Inc Medical, Sharps & Biohazard Waste Disposal, Maryland, Virginia & Washington D.C. Sharps container sales and consulting for the health care industry.

Secure Waste, Inc. Is the leading provider of, Medical Waste Disposal in Maryland, Washington D.C., North Carolina & Virginia. Other services include, sales and consulting for health care providers. Please contact us with questions, or to get a FREE no hassle quote, on medical waste disposal.

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Treatment of Medical Waste Maryland - Virginia - Washington D.C.The primary methods of treatment and disposal of medical...
12/12/2016

Treatment of Medical Waste Maryland - Virginia - Washington D.C.

The primary methods of treatment and disposal of medical waste are:
• Incineration
• Autoclaves
• Mechanical/Chemical Disinfection
• Microwave
• Irradiation

The treated waste - if sufficiently sterile - can generally be disposed with general waste in a sanitary landfill, or in some cases discharged into the sewer system. In the past, treatment of medical waste was primarily performed on-site at hospitals in dedicated medical waste facilities. Over time, the expense and regulation of these facilities have prompted organizations to hire contractors to collect, treat, and dispose of medical waste, and the percentage of medical organizations that perform their own treatment and disposal is expected to drop.

To ensure that each treatment method provides the proper environment for the destruction of biologicals, test indicators for microbiological spores measure the treatment effectiveness. Microbiological spores are the most difficult of biologicals to destroy, so when the test package cannot be cultured after treatment, the waste is considered properly treated. In treatment methods where shredding or maceration is employed, the test package is inserted into the system after the shredding process to avoid physical destruction of the test package. The test package is then retrieved from the waste after treatment.

Incineration

According to the EPA, 90% of medical waste is incinerated. Incineration is the controlled burning of the medical waste in a dedicated medical waste incinerator. Among industry folks, these units are often referred to as hospital/medical/infectious waste incinerators (HMIWIs).

The waste generally passes through the incinerator on a belt, and because most medical waste can be incinerated, the waste is not sorted or separated prior to treatment. Incineration has the benefit of reducing the volume of the waste, sterilizing the waste, and eliminating the need for pre-processing the waste before treatment. The resulting incinerated waste can be disposed of in traditional methods, such as brought to a landfill. The downside of incineration is potential pollution from emissions generated during incineration. The EPA has stringent requirements on emissions from medical incinerators. The incineration process can be applied to almost all medical waste types, including pathological waste, and the process reduces the volume of the waste by up to 90%.

Modern incinerators can provide a secondary benefit by creating heat to power boilers in the facility.

The largest concern associated with incineration is air pollution from emissions. The EPA says that at least 20% of medical waste is plastic. The biggest concern is that the incinerator may create toxic compounds. Dioxins and furans can be produced when these plastics burn. Older medical waste incinerators included no pollution control equipment. As new federal and state emission regulations are instituted that have more stringent requirements, medical incinerators are often not being replaced at the end of their service life. Over time, the amount of waste being incinerated will be reduced as other technologies replace on-site incinerators.

Another concern is incinerator ash. As incinerators are designed or retrofitted with pollution prevention equipment, more of the potentially toxic chemicals that previously ended up in emissions now remain in the ash. Incinerator ash is generally disposed of in landfills.

As additional requirements are added to the emissions for medical waste incinerators, the cost of incinerating medical waste increases, and alternative treatments have increased their market share.

Autoclaves
Autoclaves are closed chambers that apply both heat and pressure, and sometimes steam, over a period of time to sterilize medical equipment. Autoclaves have been used for a century to sterilize medical instruments for re-use. Surgical knives and clamps, for instance, are put in autoclaves for sterilization.

For medical waste that will be disposed of, autoclaves are a heat treatment are used to destroy microorganisms that may be present in medical waste before disposal in a traditional landfill.

Autoclaves are best for wastes that are unlikely to produce combustion or substantial off-gas. While incinerations can be built with pollution abatement systems, autoclaves are smaller and it is not economical to unit make a treatment system for vapors emitting from the unit.

Autoclaved medical waste is usually compacted after it cools down. Compacting involves compression to reduce volume and the compaction process may include shredding before the compression. The compaction process reduces the volume of the treated waste significantly.

After treatment and compaction, the treated waste can be combined with general waste and disposed of in traditional manners. Waste that is treated using an autoclave is still recognizable after treatment, and therefore must be shredded to allow for disposal with general waste. Autoclaves are not recommended for the treatment of pathological waste, because of the appearance of the waste after treatment and the possibility that pathological waste may contain low levels of radioactive material or cytotoxic compounds that has survived the heat.

One problem with autoclaves is that the process can aerosolize chemicals present in the waste, leading to the potential for release of materials you would prefer to not release. This can pose a hazard to human operators and to some extent the environment – even though the facility HVAC system may take much of the brunt. It is possible this aerosolized material will deposit on surfaces in the facility – much as what happens in your kitchen. This is the source of much grime in kitchens.

Are autoclaves a substitute for incineration? Yes, to a large extent. Autoclaves can be used to process the large bulk of infectious waste produced at a hospital or clinic. Autoclaves come in a wide range of sizes and capacities. If you have steam in your facility, you can hook it up to a steam autoclave. Other autoclaves produce steam by electric heating.

Autoclaves are “chemical free” and that appeals to many stakeholders in a complex waste management environment. Easy on-site installation removes need to transport waste to external treatment facility, Reduced liability for waste producer due to no off-site treatment processing What can’t you put in an autoclave? Well, you can’t put in hazardous waste. You can’t put in heavy metals and expect them to be not hazardous when it comes out. You can’t put in pathological waste such as human tissue. (Or more precisely, this is not recommended as a definitive treatment.)

Cycle Time

The process design of any waste management system must consider the cycle time of the autoclave. Total cycle time includes
• Time for operators to place waste in unit.
• Heat up time - to achieve target temperature
• Cooking time – time spent at target temperature
• Cool down time
• Removal time for operators to open autoclave once it has cooled sufficiently and to removed waste and put it into packaging for storage until transport.

The cycle time of an autoclave cannot be modified. Attempts to cut corners will result in safety violations. These include violation of the time-temperature protocol for waste sterilization and opening the autoclave before it has cooled sufficiently, endangering human operators.

Well it’s time; most Maryland children will be back in school come this Monday August 29th 2016… Thank you, thank you, t...
08/28/2016

Well it’s time; most Maryland children will be back in school come this Monday August 29th 2016… Thank you, thank you, thank you - time for these little ones to get back to learning. In addition in Maryland it is now time for you contact SECURE WASTE & learn about our great service, low prices and NO contracts for medical waste disposal. If you need to SAVE some $$$ contact us in Maryland, Washington D.C., Virginia & North Carolina for all your medical biohazard waste management services. FREE Quote, NO Contracts 877-633-7328

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01/11/2016

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12/20/2015
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Biohazard and Medical waste disposal rules and Regulations. Regulations for local medical waste disposal

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NewsRoomAmerica.com - EPA News Release: Powercon Corp. settles hazardous waste violations at...
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Nurses at Sibley Hospital suspended, investigated over missing drugs
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Nurses at Sibley Hospital suspended, investigated over missing drugs

WASHINGTON — Six nurses at Sibley Hospital are being investigated by the D.C. Department of Health after dozens of drugs disappeared. The health department was notified by Sibley Hospital about missing drugs in June 2015.…

Address

Rockville, MD
20850-3211

Opening Hours

Monday 9am - 5pm
Tuesday 9am - 5pm
Wednesday 9am - 5pm
Thursday 9am - 5pm
Friday 9am - 5pm
Saturday 9am - 5pm

Telephone

(877) 633-7328

Products

Medical Waste Boxes and BioHazard Liners
(Medium & Large Boxes Available)
Medical Waste Box Plastic Lids and Box Bottoms
2 & 8 gallon Sharps Containers
Document Shredding Consoles, 16 & 65 gallon containers
Pharmaceutical Disposal Bins
AmalGon and FoilGon Containers

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